British Rail Class 395 is the TOPS classification allocated to a dual-voltage electric multiple unit slowly being brought into service by Southeastern for its services along High Speed 1 and onwards to the Kent coast. The trains were built in Japan by Hitachi and shipped over to England to operate new high speed domestic services. The trains are the fastest operating domestic service trains in the United Kingdom, running at a maximum speed of 140mph/225km/h.
During the 2012 Summer Olympics, Class 395 trains will be used to provide the Javelin shuttle service for visitors to the Olympic Games' main venue in Stratford and so the name Javelin has become a common nickname among some enthusiasts and media.
The first train was delivered from Japan to Southampton Docks on 23 August 2007. It was then hauled to Ashford in Kent for acceptance testing by Serco. Three more trains were delivered in 2007, with the remainder of the fleet in 2008–2009. The final unit arrived in Southampton on 17 August 2009.
On 29 June 2009 Southeastern started running a small number of Class 395 trains on a weekday preview service between Template:Stnlnk and Template:Stnlnk, extending to Template:Stnlnk during peak hours. On 7 September the service was enhanced with a few services to Ramsgate via Template:Stnlnk or Dover. A regular service to Ashford and the Kent coast will commence on 13 December 2009.
The trains run at speeds of up to Template:Convert on High Speed 1 and Template:Convert elsewhere and are based at a £53m five-road depot south of Ashford International railway station in Ashford, Kent, with stabling also at Ramsgate and Faversham. They are owned by HSBC Rail, and leased by Southeastern.
The Class 395 units have been designed incorporating elements from both Hitachi's A-Train family and the 400 Series Shinkansen units, designed to operate on the Yamagata Shinkansen. They are designed as true High Speed Trains, capable of 225km/h, and the bogies have been developed from the 400 Series. However, unlike the Shinkansen trains, they have modular aluminium rather than steel bodyshells, similar to other members of the A-Train family. The bodyshells have been designed to resemble the 885 Series EMUs used on limited express routes on Japan's narrow gauge network. The units are dual voltage, able to operate using both the OHLE on High Speed 1, and on the third rail system used throughout the Southern Region lines in Kent.
|Power Supply (for Template:Convert on High Speed 1)||25 kV AC overhead lines|
|Power Supply (for Template:Convert on all other lines)||750 V DC third-rail power|
|Capacity||340 seats + 12 tip up, space for 2 wheelchairs, 508 standing.Template:Verify source|
|On-board systems||The train is equipped with GPS positioning equipment and a database to calculate the train’s exact position. The pressure-sealed doors on each car can only be opened with an exact alignment to the platform.|
|Signalling systems||European Rail Traffic Management System ready. TVM430 (on High Speed 1), Train Protection & Warning System (on all other lines). The KVB system is used at St Pancras station.|
|Safety||The train is built to be lightweight using a technique known as friction stir welding, the first time such a technique has been used on a British main line. This was a technique recommended by the Ladbroke Grove Rail Crash enquiry to improve crash resistance. However, unlike TGV family of trains, it is not articulated.|
Train formation Edit
The 6-car trainsets consist of:
- 2 Driving trailer cars each of length Template:Convert
- 4 Standard motor cars of length Template:Convert
In total the train is Template:Convert long over the couplings. The train is unusual for a high speed train in that the doors and vestibules are not set at the ends over the bogies as on most long-distance trains (e.g. Mk 4 carriages), but in order to reduce dwell times (i.e. the waiting time at the station) they are set at approximately 1/4 and 3/4 along the carriage, which allows for faster loading and unloading, like most commuter trains (e.g. Electrostar); this means that the ride quality for passengers sitting over the bogies is diminished (due to transmission of vibration through the floor), though the quality of track on High Speed 1 is relatively high and the trains will not be used at speed on other lines.
The 395 has internally-hung sliding doors, rather than plug doors; this has meant the sacrifice of a smooth external profile. The door system is identical to that in use on the Japanese Shinkansen or bullet train and has over 40 years of operational experience and development.
|Class||Operator||No. Built||Year Built||Cars per Set||Unit nos.|
|Class 395||Southeastern||29||2007 - 2009||6||395001 - 395029|
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